Academic Year 2023/2024 - Teacher: ENNIO GIUSEPPE AGATINO BIONDI

Expected Learning Outcomes

1)     Knowledge and understanding: the student will have to understand and interpret the fundamental dynamics of Greek history through the study of the main sources (literary texts, papyri, inscriptions, archaeological remains, iconographic finds, numismatic documents) coming from the eastern and western Mediterranean and distributed in a large time span including the Minoan age and the Roman conquest of Greece.

2)     Applying knowledge and understanding: the student must be able to connect the theoretical and methodological contents learned with the interpretation of past, present and future events and processes, and to use methodologies appropriate to the educational objectives.

3)     Making judgements: the student will acquire the ability to formulate opinions, in-depth opinions and critical rethinking of the contents learned.

4)     Communication skills: The analysis of the foundations of the discipline will allow the student to confront each other on a dialogical level with different interlocutors (specialists or not), motivate, in oral and written form, objectives, procedures and methodologies, acquiring awareness of the expressive means of the sectoral languages. 

5) Learning skills: the student will perfect his skills in the study of complex topics; it will make him able to improve his learning skills and use of innovative methodologies to deal with new problems.

Course Structure

Frontal lessons, with the reading of selected literary and epigraphic testimonies, for the purpose of deepening the disciplinary contents acquired on a manual basis.

Required Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of the history and historical geography of the ancient Mediterranean world. 

Attendance of Lessons

Attending lessons is not mandatory; however, it is strongly recommended to facilitate understanding and in-depth study of the proposed topics.

Detailed Course Content

The archaeological discovery of pre-Greek civilizations and studies on the deciphering of graphic systems; the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization and the "Greek Middle Ages"; the Homeric society and the birth of the polis; Greek migrations and "colonizations"; religious practices, aristocracies and panhellenic sanctuaries; constitutional systems and legislative reforms; the relations between the Mediterranean West and near-eastern civilizations; culture and society in archaic and classical times; geography, ethnography and the development of historiography; Asia Minor and Persia; the rise of tyrannies in Greece and the West; the formation of leagues, federal states and disputes for territorial hegemony; Greco-Persian alliances and conflicts; Sparta and the Peloponnese; Athens and Attica; central and northern Greece; the kingdom of Macedonia and the foundation of the "universal empire"; diadochi and epigones; outlines of economic and social history of the late classical and Hellenistic periods. Science and technology in the Hellenistic age.

The history of the most important cities of Greek Sicily.

Textbook Information

Module 1: Outlines of Greek history (4 cfu).

Basic manual: M. Corsaro, L. Gallo, Storia Greca, Firenze (Le Monnier), 2022, (II ed.) (pp. 308).

Module 2: the cities of Greek Sicily.

Text: P.G. Guzzo, Fondazioni greche. L'Italia meridionale e la Sicilia (VIII e VII sec. a.C.), Roma 2011, pp. 113-208.

Learning Assessment

Learning Assessment Procedures

The questions formulated during the exam will be based on the basic manual (Module 1) and the in-depth text (Module 2).

For the evaluation of the exam, the mastery of the contents and the skills acquired, the linguistic accuracy and lexical property, as well as the argumentative ability demonstrated by the candidate will be taken into account; an ongoing text is planned.

Examples of frequently asked questions and / or exercises


-The Minoan civilization.

- The formation of the polis.

 - The second colonization

- The hoplite reform.

- Solon's reforms in Athens

-The Persian Empire and the Greco-Persian Wars

- Cimone's work.

- Pericles' reforms.

-The Peloponnesian War

- Dionysius I

-Philip II

 -The work of Alexander the Great