FILOSOFIA E FORMAZIONE DELL’UOMO NELL’ANTICHITÀAcademic Year 2020/2021 - 1° Year - Curriculum Agenzie educative e formative
Credit Value: 6
Scientific field: M-FIL/07 - HISTORY OF ANCIENT PHILOSOPHY
Taught classes: 36 hours
Term / Semester: 2°
The course of Philosophy and Formation of Man in Antiquity is aimed at deepening the initial phase of the history of philosophy (secc. VI B.C.-VI A.D.) and reading a classical text belonging to this phase of thought.
The student who has already acquired a good knowledge of the history of philosophy in the three-year period will retrace the path taken and will discover the Greek roots of thought; he will understand the reasons for the birth of philosophy, locate the most important sites of schools and philosophers in the ancient world, analyze the key words of philosophy of all times, identifying the Greek origins and fathoming their etymological meaning and semantic variations, will face the commented reading of a philosophical text.
Primary educational objectives are the following: to deepen the history of ancient philosophy, from its origins to neoplatonism, and to learn how to read and comment on a philosophical text.
Another important objective of the teaching of Philosophy and Training of Man in Antiquity is to allow students who want to choose the professional outlet of higher education to acquire the credits and requirements for competitions to teaching classes A18 and A19.
The first part of the course or institutional part will take place according to the classic frontal lessons held by the teacher, who will also use multimedia tools to teach the student to:
1. locate the various philosophical sites and the paths of the thinkers
2. periodize correctly
3. analyze the keywords understanding their etymology and semantic evolution
4. verify the topicality of ancient thought following the contemporary debate on network circuits
In the second part or monographic part will be read and commented in the classroom the platonic dialogue of the Republic, in an edition recommended by the teacher, edited by M. Vegetti.
Detailed Course Content
The course is divided into two parts. The contents of the institutional course are those indicated in the index of the Manual used (P. Hadot, What is ancient philosophy?), reported below:
Introduction: - Part one: The Platonic definition of the philosopher and his antecedents. I. Philosophy before philosophy. II. The appearance of the concept of "philosophizing". III. The figure of Socrates. IV. THE FIGURE OF SOCRATES. The definition of the philosopher in Plato's "Symposium. - Part Two: Philosophy as a way of life. v. Plato and the Academy. VI. Aristotle and his school. VII. The Hellenistic Schools. VIII. The Philosophical Schools in the Imperial Age. IX. Philosophy and Philosophical discourse. - Part Three: Fracture and Continuity. The Middle Ages and modern times. X. Christianity as revealed philosophy. XI. Disappearances and reappearances of the ancient conception of philosophy. XII. Issues and Perspectives. - Chronology. - Bibliography. - Index of Names. - Index of concepts.
The second part of the course includes an annotated reading, in the classroom, of Plato's Republic.
If the teaching should be carried out totally at distance, the program will be respected even with variations
Institutional part of course: Pierre Hadot, Che cos'è la filosofia antica, Einaudi, Torino 2010 (https://www.einaudi.it/catalogo-libri/filosofia/filosofia-antica/che-cose-la-filosofia-antica-pierre-hadot-9788806203900/)
Classical text to read and comment in classroom: Platone, Repubblica, a cura di Mario Vegetti, Bur, Milano 2007 (https://www.ibs.it/repubblica-testo-greco-a-fronte-libro-platone/e/9788817013376?inventoryId=48177142)